The interior of Horse Creek Wildlife Sanctuary and Animal Refuge is devoted to its indigenous wildlife. We protect their natural habitat. Horse Creek runs through the heart of the sanctuary, providing a year-round water source. The open fields and tree-covered hills provide varying landscape and vegetation for many different species of animals. Deer, turkey, coyotes and bald eagles are common, as well as many smaller creatures.


Spotted Fawn - Weighing from 4 to 8 pounds at birth, the white tail fawns have a spotted, reddish coat that is fairly silky. The spots enable the fawn to camouflage itself; the colors blending well with the surrounding natural environment. The fawn will usually lose its spots within 3 to 4 months.


The female deer (or doe) will have one to three fawns about six months after mating and will wean her young about six weeks after their birth. The female fawn may stay with its mother for 2 years, while the male usually leaves after the first year. Female deer collect in family groups. When a doe has no fawns, she is usually solitary.


The mature male white tail deer (or buck) has antlers and weighs between 150 to 300 pounds. They may live in groups consisting of three or four individuals, except in mating season, when they are solitary.



The Barred Owl is a large typical owl native to North America. They are best known as the hoot owl for its distinctive call. The adults can be 16 to 25 inches long with a 38 to 49 inch wingspan. They have a round head and face with dark rings around the eyes, no ear tufts, a yellow beak and brown eyes. The upper parts are mottled gray-brown. The usual call of a Barred Owl is a series of eight accented hoots ending in a oo-aw. The most common way to recognize the call is "Who cooks for you, who cooks for you all."



The Wild Turkey is the largest bird nesting in Tennessee.

It is a large, dark ground-dwelling bird but roosts in trees at night. In late winter and spring when the male is courting females, he has a white forehead, bright blue face, and scarlet neck. All males and some females have a tuft of feathers on the chest called a beard.


Coyotes are very intelligent and adaptable animals. Their eyesight is six times greater than man's and their sense of smell more than 23 times greater than man's. They communicate through a series of yips, barks and howls. The size of their territory varies from 6 to 25 miles depending upon availability of food. Their most important foods are rodents, rabbits, insects, watermelons, apples, persimmons, muskrats, squirrels, skunks and domestic fowl.


The Eastern Fox Squirrel is a large tree squirrel with a characteristically long, bushy tail. They vary greatly in color, but usually have gray and black hair on their backs with an orange-colored belly and usually have a white nose.



There are approximately 3000 cicada species worldwide.  Hardin County, in May 2015, experienced the emergence of the 13 year cicadas.  These insects had just spent 13 years, approximately one foot underground, feeding on root juices.  Upon emergence the male cicadas begin their cicada songs to attract females for mating.  The eggs are deposited within the tree branches where they hatch within 6-10 weeks.  The adult cicadas die within 4-6 weeks of emergence.  The newly hatched, called nymphs, fall to the ground to burrow underground and begin their 13 year development into the adult cicadas.  As adults they reemerge to begin the life cycle process once again. 


Bats are amazingly diverse warm blooded, nocturnal mammals and play an important role in the health of natural ecosystems. All bats can see but some use a special sonar system to locate flying insects. Some bat species consume up to 7000 insects daily while others may consume up to 1000. Some bats do carry rabies and the most common way for humans to get rabies is through contact with a bat.



The family oriented beaver is infamous for building troublesome water tight dams and lodges of sticks and mud within local streams.  They are territorial and primarily nocturnal.  Some of the beaver’s underwater tools are nostrils and ears that close while under water and transparent eye membranes which allow it to see while immersed.



The Eastern Cottontail can be found from Canada to South America and in the United states from the east coast to the west coast.  Cottontails range from reddish brown to gray, but all feature the distinctive “cotton ball” tail for which they are named.  They commonly live in fields, meadows and farms, remaining hidden in vegetation during the day and browsing for grasses, herbs, and garden vegies at night.  They breed three or four times each year and produce three to eight young each time with approximately 15 percent surviving their first year.  They are a popular game animal.



Helping the World through Animals

13780 Highway 69
Savannah, TN 38372
phone: 731-926-4008
fax: 731-926-3000

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